THE ANNALS

AND

MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY,

INCLUDINa

ZOOLOGY, BOTANY, and GEOLOGY.

(BEIXQ a CONTI^JUATIOX OF THE 'A^J.VA.L3 ' COMBINED WITH LOUDOX AXO CHARLE8\V0RTH's ' MAGAZIXE OP NATURAL HISTORY.')

CONDUCTED BY

ALBERT C. L. G. GUNTHER, M.A., M.D., Ph.D., F.R.S., WILLIAM CARRUTHERS, F.R.S., F.L.S., P.G.S.,

AND

WILLIAM FRANCIS, jun., F.L.S.

VOL. IV.— SEVENTH SEfilES^.

LONDON: PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS.

SOLD BY SlilPKIN, MARSHALL, HAMILTON, KENT, AND CO., LD. ;

WHITTAKER AND CO. : BAILLIERE, PARIS :

MACLACHLAN AND STEWART, EDINBURGH :

HODGES, FIGGIS, AND CO., DUBLIN : AND ASHER, BERLIN.

1899.

"Omnes res creatae sunt divinse sapientiffi et potentife testes, divitije felioitatis huniana3: ex liaruin usu botiitas Creatoris; ex pulcliritudine sapientia Domini ; ex ceconomia in conservatione, proportione, renovatione, potentia majestatis elucet. Earuin itaque indagatio ab hominibus sibi relictis semper restimata ; k vere eruditis et sapientibus semper exculta ; male doctis et barbaris semper inimica fuit." LiNNiEos.

"Quel que soit le principe de la vie animale, il ne faut qu'ourrir les yeux pour voir qu'elle est le chef-d'eeuvre de la Toute-puissance, et le but auquel se rappor- teut toutes ses operations." Bkuckneh, Theoric du Systeme Animal, Leyden, 1767.

The sylvan powers

Obey our summons ; from their deepest dells

The Dryads come, and throw their garlands wild

And odorous branches at our feet ; the Nymphs

That press with nimble step the mountain-thyme

And purple heath-flower come not empty-handed,

But scatter round ten thousand forms minute

Of velvet moss or lichen, torn from rock

Or rifted oak or cavern deep : the Naiads too

Quit their loved native stream, from whose smooth face

They crop the lily, and each sedge and rush

That drinks the rippling tide : the frozen poles,

Where peril waits the bold adventurer's tread,

The burning sands of Borneo and Cayenne,

All, all to us unlock their secret stores

And pay their cheerful tribute.

J. Taylor, Norwich, 1818.

5 0 5.^2-

^ 2 dt .-^^^

CONTENTS OF VOL. IV.

[SEVENTH SERIES.]

NUMBER XIX.

Page

I. On new Species of Histeridce, and Notices of others. By

G. Lewis, F.L.S 1

II. Rhynchotal Notes. Heteroptera : Scutellerince and Orapho- somince. By W. L. Distant 29

III. Description of a new Gemis and some new Species of Fos- sorial Hymeuoptera from the Oriental Zoological Region. By

•^. Camebon 62

IV. The Larval Stage of Hypoderma bovis. By P. Koorevaak, Veterinary Surgeon to the Amsterdam Public Abattoir 69

New Book:— l^he Penycuik Experiments. By J. C. Ewart, M.D., F.R.S., Regius Professor of Natural History, University of Edinburgh 74

On Ecdysis in Insects, considered as a means of Defence against Animal or Vegetable Parasites. Special Roles of the Tracheal and Intestinal Ecdyses, by J. Kiinckel d'Herculais

NUMBER XX.

V. Notes on the Mollusca of the Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman, mostly dredged by Mr. F. W. Townsend, with Descriptions of Twenty-seven Species. By James Cosmo Melvill, M.A., F.L.S., &c. (Plates I. & 11.) 81

VI. Observations on the Classification of Birds. By Dr. R. W. Shufeldt 101

IV CONTENTS.

Page

VII. Some apparently ucdescribed Neotropical Homoptera. By

W. L. Distant 112

VIII. On some South- African Homoptera. By W. L. Distant. . 113

IX. The Regeneration of Limbs in the Mantidce, and the constant Occurrence of a Tetramerous Tarsus in Limbs regenerated after Self-mutilation among the Orthoptera pentamera. By Edmond

BOBDAGE 115

X. On the Kutelid Beetles of the Transvaal ; an Enumeration of a Collection made by Mr. W. L. Distant. By Gilbert J. Arrow, r.E.S : 118

XI. On Ih/menochirus, a new Type of Aglossal Batrachians. By

G. A. Boulengeb, F.R.S 122

XII. Description of a new Genus of Gobioid Fishes from the Andes

of Ecuador. By G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S 125

XIII. Revision of Biitish Mollusca. By the Rev. Canon A. M. Norman, M.A., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., &c 126

Nexc Books : Insects, their Structure and Life. A Primer of Ento- mology. By George H. Carpenter, B.Sc. Lond.— Cries and Call-notes of Birds : -with Musical Illustrations. By C. A. Witchell 153, 164

Parthenogenesis, by Thomas Meehan ; Relations of the Land-

Molluscan Fauna of South America, by H. A. Pilsbry .... 154, 156

NUMBER XXL

XIV. Key to the Is( pods of the Pacific Coast of North America, with Descriptions of Twenty-two new Species. By Harriet Richardson 167

XV. Observations on some Species of Coccidce of the Genus Cero- plastes in the Collection of the British Museum. By E. Ernest Green, F.E.S. (Plate IV.) 188

XVI. Further Ctntribution towards a Check-list of the non- Marine MoUuscan Fauna of South Africa, with Descriptions of Fourteen new Species. By James Cosmo Melvill, M.A., F.L.S , and John Henry Ponsonby. (Plate III.) 192

XVII. Descriptions of some new Species of Heterocera. By Herbert Deuce, F.L.S. kc ". 200

CONTENTS. V

Page

XVIII. Revision of Amphipoda (continued). By the Rev. Thomas

R. R. Stebbing, M.A., F.R.S 205

XIX. On the Giraffe of Somaliland. By W. E. de Winton. ... 211

XX. Rhyuchotal Notes. Heteroptera : Plataspince, Thyreocorince, and Cydnince. By W. L. Distant 213

XXI. Descriptions of Two new Homalopteroid Fishes from Borneo. By G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S 228

XXII. On the Occurrence of Gobins capita on the Coast of Brittany. By G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S 229

XXIII. Ou the Classification of Ciliate Infusoria. By Dr. V. Sterki 230

Netv Books: A Natural History of the British Lepidoptera. A Textbook for Students and Collectors. By J. W. Tutt, F.E.S. Vol. L— All about Birds. By W. Percival Westell .-. 233, 234

The Poisons given off by Parasitic Worms in Man and Animals,

by G. H. F. Nuttall 235

NUMBER XXII.

XXIV. Natural History Notes from H.M. Indian Marine Survey Steamer * Investigator,' Commander T. H. Ileming, R.N. Series III., No. 1. On Mollusca from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. By Edgar A. Smith 237

XXV. Notes on the Furjlcularia. By Malcolm Burr, F.Z.S.,

r.p;.s 252

XXVI. Key to the Isopods of the Pacific Coast of North America, with Descriptions of Twenty-two new Species. By Harriet Richardson 260

XXVII. Descriptions of new Neotropical Mammals. By Oldfield Thomas 278

XXVIII. Notes on Montagus Hunting-ground, Salcombe Bay. By the Rev. Canon A. M. Nokman, M.A., D.C.L., LL.D , F.R.S.,

&c. (Plate V. figs. 1,1a.) 288

XXIX. Jceropsis DoUfnsi, a new Mediterranean Isopod. By the Rev. Canon A. M. Norman, M.A., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., &c (Plate V. figs. 2-8.) ,'290

VI CONTENTS.

Page

XXX. Ou Ml/odes lemmus crassidens, var. nov. foss., fi'om Por- tugal. By Professor A. Nehring 202

XXXI. On TJiylacomys, Owen. By T. S. Palmer 300

XXXII. Notes on the Orthopterous Genus Phyllophora. By

W. F. KiRBY, F.L.S., F.E.S. (Plate VI.) .' 302

New Book : Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Prestwich, M. A., D.C.L.,

F.R.S., &c. Written and Edited by his Wife 312

Researches upon the Defensive Glands of Bombardier Beetles, by

Fr. Bierckx ". 31o

NUMBER XXIII.

XXXIII. Additional Notes on some Type Specimens of Cretaceous Fishes from Mount Lebanon in the Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art. By A. Smith Woodward, F.L.S 317

XXX [V. Key to the Isopods of the Pacific Coast of North America, with Descriptions of Twenty-two new Species. By Harriet Richardson 321

XXXV. Phoca casjnca and Phoca grosnlandica. By Prof. F. A. Smitt 339

XXXVI. Descriptions of new Species of the Genus Lycanesthea.

By A. G. Butler, Ph.D 341

XXXVII. On a Collection of Mantidce from the Transvaal &c. formed by Mr. W. L. Distant. By W. F. Kirby, F.L.S., F.E.S., &c. 344

XXXVIII. On Mammals collected by Lieut.-Colonel W. Giffard

in the Northern Territory of the Gold Coast. By W. E. de Winton. 353

XXXIX. Some apparently undescribed Species of Ileterocera from

the Transvaal. By W. L. Distant 359

XL. Notes on the Classification of the Coleopterous Family Rutelidce. By Gilbert J. Arrow, F.E.S 363

XLI. Descriptions of Two new Species of Shells from Japan. By G. B. Sowerby, F.L.S 370

XLII. On Butterflies collected between Chinde and Mandala, British Central Africa, by Edward M. de Jersey, Est^., in March and April, 1899. By A. G. Butler, Ph.D., F.L.S., F.Z.S., &c 372

XLIII. Descriptions of new Rodents from the Orinoco and Ecuador. By Oldfield Thomas 378

XLIV. Note on the Beech-Marten and Badger of Crete. By G. E. H. Barrett-Hamilton 383

XLV. On a new Species of Tamias from Eastern Siberia. By J . L. Bonhote 385

CONTENTS. vii

XLVI. Contributious from the Xew Mexico Biological Station VIII. The New Mexico Bees of the Genus Bomhm. By T, D A. CocKKUELL and Wilmatte Pouter ' " ' 33(3

Neiv Book .-—The Geooraphv of Mammal,^. By W. L Sclater

M.A., F.Z.S., and P. L. Sclater, M.A., Ph.D., F.R.S .' 393

On the Histology of the Alimentary Canal in the Larva of Chiro..,.

vms plumosKS, by P. Vignon 30-5

I'07l0-

NUMBER XXIV.

XLVII. On some Laud-Mullusks from Java, with Description of a new fepecies. By Walter E. Collinge, F.Z.S., Mason Uni- versity College, Birmingham. (Plates VII. & VIII.) 397

VT?^/^?^"^" ^^"tributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.— Vll. Observations on Bees, with Descriptions of new Genera and bpecies. By £. D. A. Cockerell and Wilmatte Porter 403

XLIX. Ehynehotal Notes.— III. Heteroptera : DiscocephalmcB and rentatommce (part.). By W. L. Distant 421

L. A Contribution to the History of the Carboniferous Ganoid, Benedemus deneensis, Traquair, with Notes on Two newly-discovered Specimens. By G. A . Boulenger, F.R.S. (Plates IX. & X.) ... . 445

LI Descriptions of Three new Reptiles and a new Batrachiau trom Mount Ivma Balu, North Borneo. By G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S. 451

AT^y'^^o?"P*'''"^ ^^ "^'^ Reptiles and Batrachians collected by Mr^l . O. Simons m the Andes of Ecuador. By G. A. Boulenger,

^•^•^ 454

T \}}\ '^^^ Species of CladophylUa, Prionastrcea, and Stylina. By J. W. Gregory, D.Sc, F.G.S •; 457

LIV. Description of Conus {Cylinder) clytosjnm, sp. n., from the rabian bea. By James Cosmo Melvill, M.A., F.L S and

OBERT StANDEN "' jpi

Neio Books :— The. History of the European Fauna. By R F ScHARPF, B.Sc, Ph.D., Keeper of the Natural History Col- lections, Science and Art Museum, Dublin.— On Buds and

^W^ n nJ *^^ P^if^t Hon- Sir John Lubbock, Bart., M.P.,

^ •■«.&., iJ.L.L., LL.D 4Q3^ 4^^

Proceedings of the Geological Society 46g ^q-^

^"^^^ 468

PLATES IN VOL. IV.

Plate I. i

II. i New MoUusca.

in.)

IV. Ceroplastea africauus and C. ceriferus. V. Pereionotus testudo and Jseropsis DoUfusi. VI. Species of Phyllopliora.

Land-Moll usks from Java.

VIL

VIII.

IX.

X.

Benedenius deneensis.

THE ANNALS

AND

MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY.

[SEVENTH SERIES.]

" per litora spargite museum,

Naiades, et circiim vitreos considite fontes : Pollice virgineo teneros h\c carpite flores : Floribus et pictum, divae, replete canistrum. At V08, o Nymphse Craterides, ite sub undas ; Ite, recurvato variata corallia trnnco Vellite musoosis e rupibus, et mihi conchas Ferte, Deee pelagi, et pingui conchylia succo."

N.PartheniiGianneftasi, Eel. I.

^o. 19. JULY 1899.

I. On new Species o/Histeridae and Notices of others. By G. Lewis, F.L.S.

The present paper is the sixteenth of a series on the Histeridaa published in this Magazine, and contains descriptions of twenty-eight new species, with notices of others which an increasing knowledge of the family renders desirable.

To show some important characters of certain Saprini I give first an outline of the prosternal keels and tibiaa of Saprinus cruciatus, F. (fig. 1), S. maculatus, Rossi (fig. 2), and S. niti'c/ulus, Payk. (fig. 3), and for comparison figures of the same parts of two species of Gnathoncus. Fig. 4 represents G. rotundatuSy Kugel, fig. 5 G. nannetensis, Mars., and of the first an outline of the mandible is also given. Figs. 6 and 7 show the corresponding details in Hypocaccus 4:-stn'aius, Hoff"m., and rugifrons, Payk., respectively; and fig. 8 exhibits the form of the keel, anterior tibi», and man- dible of Pachylopus marithnus, Steph. The side views given of the keels show that those of S. maculatus and cruciatus continue anteriorly on the same plane as the base, and the other large species, such as S. semipunctatus^ F., rasselaSy Mars., splendidus, Payk., and viridanus^ Lew., are formed

Ann. d) Mag. N. Hist. Scr. 7. Vol. iv. 1

Mr. G. Lewis 07i Figs. 1-8.

Saprinus cvuciatus, F. Snprinus mnculatas, Hos.si.

Sapn'nus nitidulm, Paj'k. Onathoncus rotwidatus, Kugel.

Gnatlio^cus nannetensis, Mars. Hypocaccus 4:-stri(itus, Hoffm.

Sypocaccus riiyifrons, Paylc. Pachylopus marithnusy Steph.

new Species of Histeridse. 3

in tlie same way ; but in Hypocaccus the keel is depressed anteriorlj, and in Pachylopus the depression is much more marked, as shown in fig. 8. In Pachylopus and Hypocaccus tliere is another character in common to all the species, the anterior tibial denticulations are more or less diaphanous at the tips (fig. 8) ; but the principal character which separates these genera from Saprinus is the transverse head and frontal carina.

Thomson founded the genus Hypocaccus in 1867 (Skand. Col. ix. p. 400), taking as the type Saprinus A-striatus^ HofFm. His generic characters are :

" Frons antice liaea transversa elevata a clypeo discreta. Mau- dibulae angulo inferiore dorsali elevato-marginato. Labram apice triincatum. Tibiae postoriores spinis validis inter deaticulos irn- mixtis, auticse calcari vix discreto. Elytra apice immarginata, stria marginali discreta, vix in epipleuris sita. Prosterni lineae longitudinales antrorsuui conniventes, approsimatae, postice subito divergentes."

Thomson's genus is a natural one, and the species he assigns to it agree rather with Pachylopus than with either Saprinus or Gtiathoncus. But Thomson's generic character " elytra apice immarginata" must be modified to admit Saprinus apricarius, Er., *S'. consputus, Mars., and others into the genus, in which the sutural stria is continued along the apical margin. By doing this about forty species may be conve- niently placed in Hypocaccus. I believe that Saprinus macu- latuSj semipunctatus, splendens, and others seek their food in carrion and vegetal refuse, and live more or less on the surface of the ground, and in these the prosternum has a flat keel ; while the species of Pachylopus and Hypocaccus burrow in the sand to the depth of some inches, and the shape of the keel, sharpened off anteriorly, must greatly facilitate this action .

The Saprini may soon require revision ; but I think the best lineal arrangement of the genera now recognized is as follows : Saprinusj type nttidulus, Payk. ; Chelioxenus, type xerchates, Hubb. ; Gnathoncus, type rotundatus, Kugel ; Saprinodes, type falcifer. Lew. ; Pachylopus, type dispar^ Er. ; Hypocaccus, type 4-striatuSj Hoffm. ; Xenonychus, type tridens, Jacq. Duv. ; and Myrmetes piceus, Payk.

Through the kindness of Mr. A. M. Lea 1 liave received a series of Australian species ; some of these are from the duplicates of the Macleay Museum and others are from Mr. Lea's own collection. When any reference to tliese is made in the text it is followed by a number which corresponds to one in Mr. Lea's " Note-book."^

1*

Mr. G. Lewis on

List of Species.

Phylloma angulare. Hololepta Masters!, Macleay.

laevigata, Gukr.

Apobletes solutus.

mundus.

almeidae.

Platysoma satzumse.

latimarginatura.

bipunctatum.

Phelister nigropunctatus. Pacliycrserus cseruleatus.

puUus, Gent.

Ohalcurgus brevipennis, Lew. Omalodes tuberosus. Campylorhabdus singularis, Sch. Hister nigrita, Br.

saginatus.

colonicus.

tinctus.

striatipectus.

crenatifrons.

Hister striola, Sahib.

sessilis.

Carcinops prasinus. Stictotix Lese.

frontalis, Macleay.

Paromalus niponensis.

mendicus, Lew.

Tribalus Lese.

tropicu=<, Len>.

Saprinus viridanus.

inversus.

Saprinodes falcifer, Lew. Hypocaccus ainu.

rufipes, Payk.

rubricillise.

rubricatus. Trypeticus ineridiaiuis. Pygoccelis usambicus, Kolbe. Teretriosoma latiroatre. Epiechinus tasmani.

Phylloma angulare^ sp. n.

Oblongum, subconvexum, nigrum, nitidum ; fronte leviter impressa ; mandibulis extus angulatis, infcus dentatis ; elytris 2-striat.i3, striis perspicuis sed brevibus, baud appendiculatis ; propygidio conspicue bifoTeolato, parce circumpunctato ; pygidio dense punctate, cum margine postice laevi,

L. 7| mill, (absque mandibulis).

Oblong, rather narrow, little convex, black and shining ; the head slightly impressed anteriorly, with two short faint striae, seen only in certain lights, very feebly punctulate in the region of the impression ; mandibles obtusely but con- spicuously angulate on the middle of the outer edge, inner edges each with a single tooth ; the thorax transverse, lateral marginal stria feebly sinuous before the basal angle, basal edge scarcely sinuous ; the elytra, lateral fossa rather short and abbreviated at the base and posteriorly continued as a line stria nearly to the apical angle, the first stria is well marked and as long as a fourth part of the elytron, the second is similar in distinctness but shorter, there is no appendage ; the propygidium is conspicuously bifoveolate posteriorly and encircled by punctures, punctures most marked within the fovese ; the pygidium densely punctate, with the posterior margin smooth; the prosternum is obtusely angulate behind and widens out anteriorly to an angle behind the coxae, and from the angle it narrows again to a point beyond the coxae ;

new Species o/'Histeridae. 5

the mesosternum is widely sinuous behind the prosternal keel, and on each side it is distinctly angulate, the angles are striate at the edge and within the striae on either side is a small depression or shallow fovea ; the anterior tibiae are 4-dentate, 2 apical teeth are obtuse and close together and have a common base.

The oblong rather narrow outline of this species and the form of the mandibles distinguish it from the ten other species assigned to Phylloma.

Hah. Rio Dogua, Colombia {W. F. H. Rosenberg) . One example.

Hololepta Mastersi, Macleay.

Hololepta Mastersi, Macleay, Trans. Ent. Soc. N. S. Wales, ii. p. 157 (1871).

I formerly considered (Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 6, xi. p. 418, 1893) that this species was identical with H. sid- nensis, Mars., 1860; but having lately received examples of both sexes from Mr. A. M. Lea, I find this is an error. Both species are of the same size and closely similar, but in H. Mastersi the male has a carina on the mentum, the thorax is impunctate, and the marginal thoracic stria is much less conspicuous in both sexes.

Hololepta Icevigata, Gu^r.

Hololepta leevigata, Gu^r. 'VoJ^ B^langer, Zool. p. 482, t. ii. fip. 4 (1834).

Tills species is entered in the Munich Catalogue as a species of Plcesius, but it is a Hololepta, and a reference to FlcEsius lavigatus^ Mars., is placed after it as though it were the same insect. 1 think H. laevigata, Guer., is the same species as Hololepta procer a, Er., also described in 1834. I transcribe Gu^rin's diagnosis, which agrees with Erichson'a species in belonging to a Hololepta with a frontal tubercle. Hololepta procera, Er., was found by M. Mouhot in Siam, and it may therefore occur in Cororaandel. It is common in Java and Sumatra, and perhaps M. B^langer made an error in recording the locality.

Gu^rin's diagnosis is :

" H. nigra, nitida ; corpore depresso, piano, oblongo, capita laevi- gato, tuberculato ; mandibulis validis, inermibus, capita longi- oribus ; thorace Isevigato, transverso, antice profunda emarginato ; elytris thorace longioribus, lateribus marginatis, laevigatis, linea abbreviata humerali ; abdomine vage punctato ; tibiis anticis estus tridentatis, intus basi unidentatis.

" L. 15 mill., lat. 7 mill."

Hab. Coromandel (BSlanger).

6 Mr. G, Lewis on

Apohhtes solutus, sp. n.

Obloiigo-ovalis, depressiusculus, niger, nitidus ; fronte concava, stria Integra antice tenuiter impressa ; pronoto lateribiis punctato, stria lateral! pone oculos minute interrupta ; elytris striis 1-3 integris, 4 et 5 apicalibus ; propygidio pygidioque pnnctatis ; mesosterno late sinuato, marginato ; tibiis anticis 4-dentati8.

L. 3^ mill.

Oblong-oval, rather depressed, black, shining; the head, forehead concave, surface finely not thickly punctulate, stria complete, transverse portion rather fine, but it is deep over the eyes, before the eyes the edge is prominent and in front of the projection the edge is bisinuous ; the thorax, lateral stria rather strong and close to the edge, and it is disconnected behind the eye with the stria beliind the neck, which is straight and crenulate on either side ; the sides of the thorax have a band of scattered punctures ; the elytra, striae, there is a very fine oblique humeral close to the base of the first stria, 1-3 complete and all turn feebly inwards at the base, 4 apical and not quite a third of the elytral length, 5 indicated by two or three punctures, sutural wanting ; the propygidiura with two rather large shallow foveas on either side behind, mode- rately punctured, punctures most conspicuous in the fovejB ; the pygidium somewhat similarly punctured and very feebly impressed on either side; the prosternum, anterior lobe micro- scopically strigose, the strigosities ending at the suture, and there are a few punctures scattered over the surface, the keel gradually shelves off at the sides and the want of sculpture on it is conspicuous as compared with tlie anterior lobe ; the mesosternum is very widely sinuous anteriorly, with a rather deep marginal stria which stops abruptly before the base ; the metasternum has an independent lateral stria ; the anterior tibiffi 4-dentate.

This species is similar to A. parensis^ Mars., h\xi parensis is larger and has no frontal stria. The elytral stria and the foveiB of the pygidium and other small characters also distin- guish it.

IJab. Brazil [H. H. Smith).

Apohletes munduSj sp. n.

Oblongo-ovatus, complanatus, piceus, nitidus ; fronte tenuissime punctulata, baud striata, basi utrinque breviter sulcata ; pronoto marginato ; elytris striis 1-3 integris, 4 basi abbreviata, 5 sutu- ralique apicalibus ; propygidio sparse grosse punctato ; prosterno mesosteriioque baud striatis.

L. 2i-2| mill.

tiew Species o/Histeridi\3. 7

Oblong-oval, flat, piceoiis, shining ; the head, surface even, with extremely fine evenly scattered punctures, at the base on either side are two short furrows, it is angulate on the sides over the eyes and very minutely bisinuous before the angle ; the thorax with similar punctures to those of the head, mar- ginal stria complete and close to the edge ; the elytra, strias 1-3 complete, 4 shortened at the base, 5 apical, dimidiate, and very feebly oblique, sutural half the length of the fifth only, being shortened apically, it is also slightly oblique ; both humeral striaj are wanting ; the propygidiura has some shallow punctures along its base, and a very ^qw similar points are scattered irregularly over the surface ; the pygidium has relatively large punctures, also irregular, but more closely set together j the presternum is without strige ; the meso- sternum is very widely emarginate, also without a stria; the metasternum has a lateral stria, but the suture between it and the mesosternum is scarcely visible; the anterior tibiae 4-dentate.

Hah. " Usambara, Derema, 850 m. December, 1891. Condrat, S." In the Berlin Museum and my own collection.

Apohletes almeidcBy sp. n.

Oblongus, parallelus, depressiusculus, niger, nitidus ; fronfce fere plana, antice haud striata, punctulata ; pronoto stria marginali Integra ; elytris striis 1-2 et 4 completis, 5 apicali brevissima, suturali basi multo abbreviata, paulum obliqua ; propygidio pygidioque irregulariter punctatis ; prosterno bistriato, striis anticis divergentibus.

L. 2| mill.

Oblong, parallel, rather depressed ; forehead slightly uneven, without a transverse stria, but marginate over the eyes, surface sparingly punctulate ; the thorax punctulate very similarly to the head, but the punctures more distinctly vary in size, hind angles rectangular, anterior obtuse, marginal stria laterally close to the edge, but behind the neck it is further from the margin ; along the basal edge there is a row of punctures, but they do not meet before the scutellura ; tlie elytra, strias 1, 2, 4 complete, o broken or evanescent in the middle, 5 consists of a very short apical line, the sutural is apical but reaches beyond the middle of the dorsum, and is not parallel to the suture, but gradually widens slightly from it to the apex, the apical border has a few tine punctures ; the propygidium is nairowly transverse, with scattered points of varying sizes ; the pygidium is semicircular in outline, with a shallow depression on either side at the base, and round the

8 Mr. G. Lewis on

depressions the outer edge is thickened and raised, the surface punctuation is the same as that of the propygidium ; the pro- sternum bistriate, strife not joining behind, diverging widely before the coxas and curved inwards at the tips ; the meso- sternum is widely sinuous, almost from angle to angle, the marginal stria is complete, and on either side of the sinuosity the margin is widened and thickened ; anterior tibiae 4-5- dentate, with tarsal grooves shallow and nearly straight.

The genus Apohletes, as at present constituted, is not capable of exact definition; in both this species and A. lati- nsculus, Sch., the tarsal grooves are shallow and nearly straight, and in two species of the allied genus Platt/soma from Madagascar the grooves are similarly formed, viz. P. Richteri, Sch., and P. quadncolle, Lew.

Bnh. Madagascar, " Andrangoloaka, alt. 1600 m. 0. S. O. de Tananarive."

Platysoma satzumce, sp. n.

Ovale, convexiusculum, nigrum, nitidum ; antennis pedibusque rufo-piceis ; fronts leviter impressa, stria transversa subarcuata ; pronoto anguste marginato ; elytris striis 1 et 3 integris, 2 basi abbreviata, 4-5 apicaiibus ; propygidio pygidioque profunde punc- tatis.

L. 4 mill.

Oval, somewhat convex, black, shining; the head feebly impressed anteriorly, stiia complete and transversely feebly bowed ; the thorax a little arched anteriorly, angles some- what obtuse, lateral stria well-marked, close to the edge, and continued behind the head ; the elytra, striae 1 and 3 complete, 2 a little shortened at the base, 4 apical but just passing the middle, 5 apical but only reaching the middle, sutural wanting; the propygidium is coarsely punctured (very similarly to P. confucii, Mars.) ; the pygidium is more deeply punctured and the punctures are larger and relatively a little less close, the posterior rim is smooth ; the presternum, keel narrow and without striae ; the mesosternum is rather widely emarginate in front, stria complete, but at the emargination it is very close to the edge, laterally it continues down the meta- sternum ; the anterior tibiae are 5-dentate.

This species in outline is rather more oval than P. sin- c(rum, Sch., but otherwise the general form is similar. It also resembles P.solitarium, elinguce^ and uniforme, Lew., espe- cially in the thoracic marginal stria being close and parallel to the edge.

Hah. Higo and Salzuma, S. Japan.

neic Species of H.i^^tel•id8e. 9

Platysoma latirnarginatum, sp. n.

Oblongum, subparallelum, depressum, rufo-brunneum ; fronte leviter impressa, minutissime punctulata, stria Integra ; pronoto, stria marginali integra, laterali a margine valde distante antice abbre- viata ; elytris striis 1-3 integris, 4-6 apicalibus ; prosterno bi- striato, angustato ; tibiis anticis 3-dentatis.

L. 3 mill.

Oblong, rather parallel, depressed, reddish brown ; the head, surface with an extremely fine punctuation, not dense, stria complete and fine and widely straight anteriorly ; the thorax, marginal stria somewhat carinate and passes the posterior angle, behind the head it leaves the edge and is obscurely crenulate, there is an inner lateral stria some distance from the margin which leaves a very wide interstice, the stria touches the base but is shortened anteriorly at a point in a line with the back of the head, this stria is broad and bends inwards in the middle; the elytra, striee, external humeral complete, inner humeral wanting, 1-3 rather fine and complete, 4-5 apical and almost reaching the middle, sutural longer than the last two and just passing beyond tlie middle ; there are microscopic punctures on the thorax and elytra ; the pro- pygidium has a few large, shallow, and irregular punctures with minute points intermixed ; the pygidium is very similar, but the large irregular punctures are transversely disposed near the base ; the prosternum, keel narrow, surface with a few minute punctures, bistriate, strias looped together at the base, outside the strige the prosternum is minutely strigose, lobe rather wide and distinctly punctured, base semicircular in outline ; the mesosternum emarginate, with a short stria on each side at the angles, within these short strige there is the usual mesosternal marginal stria, which follows the course ot the emargination, and then, leaving the edge, passes some- vi^hat obliquely along the side of the metasternum ; the ante- rior tibias are 3-dentate.

Resembles Platysoma constrictum, Lew.

Hab. Forest Reefs, New South Wales {Lea, 1248).

Platysoma bipunctatum, sp. n.

Oblongum, subparallelum, depressum, rufo-brunneum ; pronoto stria laterali integra, utrinque nigro Ijipunctato ; elytris striis 1-3 integris, 4-5 apicalibus, dimidiatis, suturali nulla ; prosterno bi- striato ; tibiis anticis 5-dentatis.

L. 3 mill.

Oblong, rather parallel, depressed, reddish brown ; the head

10 Mr. G. Lewis on

very minutely and sparsely punctulate, stria complete, bowed laterally, nearly straight in front, vertex feebly impressed ; the thorax, marginal stria very fine, lateral also very fine, it widens out a little in the median area, and, although very fine, continues round the basal angle, on each side not far from the margin and as near the middle as possible is a small black spot ; the elytra, striee 1-3 complete, 4-5 dimidiate and exactly equal in length, there is no sutural ; the pygidia are punctured like those of P. latimarginatum.

Beneath, this species is almost exactly the same as the last, except that the surface of the prosternum on either side of the keel is less conspicuously strigose and there are no short striae at the mesosternal angles ; the anterior tibite are 5-dentate, basal tooth very small.

This and the preceding species with P. constnctuni, Lew., constitute a type of Platysoma peculiar to Australia. The prosternal anterior lobe is very prominent in all the three species.

Hob. Forest Reefs, New South Wales {Lea, 124i).

Pheltster m'gropunctatus, sp. n.

Ovalis, convexiusculus, rufo-brunneus, nitidus ; pronoto utrinque nigro-punctato ; elytris striis 1-4 integris, 5 et suturali basi abbreviatis; propygidio pygidioque punctatis ; tibiis anticis 4- dentatis.

L. 2f mill.

Oval, a little convex, rather dark reddish brown, shining ; the forehead is clearly punctulate, feebly concave, stria com- plete, carinate over the eyes, nearly straight in front ; the thorax, marginal stria complete, crenulate behind the head, lateral stria tine, parallel to the marginal stria, and ter- minating just before the anterior angle, surface finely not densely punctured, near the middle but not very close to the lateral margin is a distinct but small circular black spot ; the elytra, the bases are narrowly edged with black, and near the scutellum there are six or eight small black spots, and behind them the suture is dusky, the striee are crenulate, 1-4 complete, 5 and sutural reaching beyond the middle, the sutural is the longest; the propygidium and pygidium are somewhat closely punctured, punctures shallow, the pygidium has a narrow posterior rim; the prosternum, anterior lobe somewhat closely punctured, keel smooth, with two oblique stria} between the coxee ; the mesosternum is widely sinuous anteriorly in the middle, with a short sinuosity on either side of it : across the mesosternum is a fine arched stria, which

neto Species of lllstevid-x. 11

apj)roac]ies near the edge anteriorly and terminates poste- riorly without joining- the metasternal lateral stria ; the meta- sternum has a longitudinal median sulcus in the anterior area ; the anterior tibiae are 4-dentate, intermediate and posterior tibias somewhat widen out gradually to the base.

The tarsal grooves of this species are straight, and in this respect agree with those of Platysoma exortivum^ Lew. The last Schmidt considers belongs to the genus Phelister ] so until a new genus is established I follow his views.

Both species are at present unique in my collection.

Bah. Tarn worth, New South Wales {Lea, 1247).

Pachycrcerus cceruleafus, sp. n.

Ovalis, supra parum convexus, cseruleo-metallicus ; antennis pedi- busque rufo-brunneis ; clypeo impresso a froiite distiucto, stria Integra valida ; pronoto lateribus fortius punctato, stria marginali antice interrupta ; elytris striis 1-4, suturali, et humeralibus iutegris, 5 dimidiata ; prosterno bistriato ; mesosterno antico margin ato ; propygidio pygidioque punctatis.

L. 4 mill.

The species is the same size and shape as P. cyaneus, Er., and is very similar in sculpture. It differs in the forehead being clearly punctulate, the fourth, sutural, and two humeral strige are complete (although the sutural stria is somewhat fine and vague at the base), the apices of the elytra are trans- versely punctured, and the prosternal keel is rather narrower.

Ilab. Matadi, Congo River {J. A. Clark). Two examples were captured amongst many dozens of P. cyaneus, Er.

Pachycrcerus pullus (Gerst.).

I'laiysoma pidhim, Gerst. Arcliiv fiir Naturg. xxxiii. p. 31 (1867).

This species closely resembles Pachycrceriis tenuistriatuSy Lew. 1 saw Gersl acker's type in Berlin, and I afterwards sent my type of P. tenuistriatus to Herr Kolbe for comparison with it, who has kindly sent me the following note about it: " P. tenuistriatus is larger, the elytra shorter, fourth stria oblique, in jmllus it is parallel to the third, the punctuation is more dispersed on the elytra and occupies but an apical quarter of them, in puIIus it occupies half."

CllALCURGUS, Kolbe. Chalcurgus, Kolbe, Deutscb-Ost-Afiika, iv. Col. p. lUO (1807). I have seen the two species, C. cyaneus and C. minor,

12 Mr, G. Lewis on

assigned to this genus by Kolbe in the museum at Berlin, and it is clear that Pachycrcerus brevipennisj Lew., is con- generic with them.

Omalodes tuberosus, sp. n.

Breviter ovafcus, parum convexus, niger, nitidus ; fronte impressa, stria retrorsum acuminata ; pronoto ad angulos minute punctu- lato, stria marginali Integra ; elytris striis dorsalibus 1-2 integris, 3 punctiformi, humerali externa nulla, interna brevi cum prima dorsali apice connexa ; pj-gidio propjgidioque dense subtiliter punctulatis, hoc margine postico tuberculis duobus fortibus, duo- busque lateribus minus elevatis ; prosterno in medio bistriato ; mesosterno antice profunde emarginato et utrinque sinuato, stria marginali late interrupta ; tibiis anticis 4-dentatis.

L. 8 mill.

This species differs from 0. tuherculipygus, Sch., in its shorter form, forehead impressed, not canaliculate, in wanting a sutural stria, in the prosternal stria being shorter, and, above all, by the edge of the mesosternum being sinuous on either side of the median eniargination. In a type specimen of 0. tuherculipygus I have received from Herr J. Schmidt the mesosternal marginal stria is complete.

Hah. Brazil {ex coll. Barton).

Campylorhahdus singularis^ Sch.

Campylorhabdus singularis, Sell. Ent. Nachr. xv. p. 366 (1889).

By the kindness of Herr IL J. Kolbe I am able to give a figure (fig. 9) of the above species. Hister mtesa, Ancey, a species very inadequately described, possibly belongs to Campylorhahdus, and, if so, it is a far more extraordinary species of the genus than G. singularis. The prosternum is narrow behind the coxse, with two short unconnected strise, the mesosternum is straight and wide anteriorly and the marginal stria is almost rectangular on either side and is at some distance from the edge. On the first segment of the abdomen there is a wide transverse arched stria. The two humeral striae are complete, 1-4 and sutural are also com- plete and join at the base, 5 is apical and dimidiate. Mons. Ancey says nothing about the legs, so it may belong to another genus, but it is similar to Campylorhahdus. The particulars 1 have given of Ancey's species are from a drawing J made some years ago when the type specimen was kindly lent to me by the author. The type is now in Herr J.

neio Species of Histeridae .

13

Schmidt's collection, having been given to him by Mons. Ancej.

Fig. 9,

Campylorhahdus singularis, Sch.

Hister nigrha^ Er., has been found in Mashonaland by Mr. Guy A. K. Marshall eating Onitis inuus, F., a beetle of considerable size, and it has also been found feeding on Aphodii and small Onthophagi.

Hister saginatus, sp. n.

Oblongo-ovalis, parum convexus, niger, nitidus ; labro valde emar- ginato ; fronte lata, stria Integra ; pronoto lateribus ciliato, striis externis basi abbreviatis, internis anticis interruptis ; elytris striis 1-3 integris, 4 subintegra, 5-6 dimidiatis ; pygidio dense punctato ; mesosterno profunda emarginato, stria iuterrupta.

L. 13 mill.

Oblong-oval, rather convex, black and shining ; the head, labrum transverse, anteriorly depressed in the middle, with the anterior edge narrowly but rather deeply emarginate, forehead flattish, stria somewhat fine but complete and nearly straight in front ; the thorax ciliate laterally, outer lateral stria shortened at the base and anteriorly hamate and confined

14 Mr. G. Lewis on

to the angle, inner stria deeper and reaching the base and anteriorly it terminates behind the outer stria and is similarly hamate ; the elytra, striae, inner subhumeral interrupted in the middle and shortened a little at the base, 1-3 complete, 4 shortened at the base, 5—6 approximately dimidiate ; the propygidium is densely punctate laterally, punctures in the median area less close ; the pygidium is wholly and densely punctate ; the prosternum, keel narrow, base spatulate, apical stria oblique, only marginal at the tip ; the mesosternuni is deeply emarginate, stria interrupted in the middle (this stria is interrupted in all the closely allied species). The anterior tibise are 3-dentate, apical tooth very large, inter- mediate and posterior tibife multispinose.

Above, this species is very similar to //. robusticeps, Mars. ; but H. robusti'ceps, Mars., and H. fortis, Sch., differ from the species of the rohustus group generally in having the anterior lobe of the prosternum marginate. In H. rohustus^ Er., and the species closely similar to it the prosternum is marginate only at the tip, as the stria laterally takes an oblique direc- tion, and in doing so departs from the anterior edge.

Hab. Tschinde, mouth of the Zambesi River.

Ulster colonicus, sp. n.

Late ovatus, parum depressus, niger, nitidus ; stria frontali Integra ad oculos angulata ; pronoto striis duabus lateralibus validis in- tegris ; elytriis striis 1-3 iiitegris, 4 basi evanesceuti, 5 apicali, suturali basi abbreviata ; propj-gidio dense punctato, iuterstitiis loDgitudinaliter elevatis ; mesosteruo sinuato, marginate ; tibiis anticis fortiter tridentatis.

L. 7-7| mill.

Broadly oval, rather depressed, black, shining; the head, frontal stria complete and feebly sinuous in front, angulate over the eyes, mandibles broad and bidentate ; the thorax transverse, bistriate laterally, striae deep and complete, with the interstice and border convex, external hamate behind the anterior angle, which is somewhat obtuse, the marginal stria is fine and limited to the region of anterior angle, the inner is broken behind the eye but continued behind the neck, there is a very small linear scutellar puncture ; the elytra, striae, outer humeral wanting, inner deep and shortened well before the base, with a fine oblique appendage on the shoulder, 1-3 strong and complete, 4 fine and evanescent (or sometimes broken) at the base, 5 apical, dimidiate, sometimes broken, sometimes twisted, sutural shortened before the base and arcuate ; the propygidium is densely and coarsely punctate,

new Species of Histeridffi. 15

with ridge-like interstices somewhat longitudinally raised, especially behind the fourth and fifth striae ; the pygidium similarly sculptured, except that the interstices are more irregular and less longitudinal; the prosternum, anterior lobe somewhat pointed, with two marginal stri« on either side, lateral region punctured ; the mesosternum is sinuous and the marginal stria complete, but it does not join the meta- sternal stria at the suture ; the anterior tibi^ are tridentate, the apical tooth is very strong.

In its general form tliis species resembles //. Lesehuci, Mars.

Hah. Uar-es-Salam, Dutch E. Africa.

JYote. The mandibles in Hister trepidus^ Lew., and //. Colensoi, Lew. (1897), are bidentate in the middle of the inner edge.

Hister tinctusj sp. n.

Ovalis, parum couvexus, niger, nitidus ; fronte foveolata, stria In- tegra ; pronoto stria laterali externa basi abbreviata, interna baud interrupta ; elytris striis 1-4 integris, 5 diinidiata, suturaH subintegra ; propygidio bifoveolato ; pygidio parum dense punctato ; tibiis latis.

L. 6|-7i mill.

Oval, little convex, black, with a bluish tint on the elytra, shining ; the head, forehead foveolate, like that of Hister cavifrons, Mars., surface very feebly punctulate, stria com- plete, sometimes bisinuous, sometimes straighter; the thorax, marginal stria is fine and ceases behind the eye, outer stria commences witliin the anterior angle and terminates before the base, inner stria is complete and crenulate behind the head and nearly reaches the base, being clearly longer than the outer stria, surface microscopically punctulate; the elytra, strije, internal subhumeral apical and reaching beyond the middle, 1-4 complete, interstice between the second and third rather wide at the base, 5 apical and not quite reaching the middle, sutural arcuate and shortened a little before and behind ; the propygidium bifoveolate, not densely punctured, punctures some small and some large, intermixed ; the pygidium is more evenly punctured and the punctures are more dense ; the prosternum impunctate and without strige; the mesosternum rather deeply emarginate, marginal stria strong and com- plete ; the tibise, anterior 4-dentate, apical tooth bifid at the apex, intermediate and posterior multispinose.

The tibiae of this species are broad and tlie tarsi short,

16 Mr. G. Lewis on

approaching in fact the form in the genus Contipus ; but it is a Hister of the American type, which includes Hister cavi- frons and impressi/rons of Marseul. It is the only species of Hister at present known with